How will you test whether a given rod is made of iron or copper?
[Hint: Iron rod gets magnetized when placed near a bar magnet by magnetic induction, while copper rod does not get magnetized]
You are provided with two similar bars, one is a magnet and the other is a soft iron bar. How will you distinguish between them without the use of any other magnet or bar?
[Hint: A magnet when suspended freely will rest only in a north-south direction, but soft iron
the bar will rest in any direction]
Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences:
(a) Two ends of a magnet are called ___________
(b) Unlike poles of a magnet _____________ each other
(c) Like poles of a magnet _____________ each other
(d) A freely suspended magnet rests in the geographic ___________ direction
A small magnet is suspended by a silk thread from rigid support such that the magnet can freely swing. How will it rest? Draw a diagram to show it.
Explain what do you understand by magnetic induction. What role does it play in the attraction of a piece of iron by a magnet
Explain the following:
(a) When two pins are hung by their heads from the same pole of a magnet, their pointed ends move apart.
(b) Several soft iron pins can cling, one below the other, from the pole of a magnet.
(c) The north end of a freely suspended magnetic needle gets attracted towards a piece of soft iron placed a little distance away from the needle.
A small iron bar is kept near the north pole of a bar magnet. How does the iron bar acquire magnetism? Draw a diagram to show the polarity on the iron bar. What will happen if the
magnet is removed
Explain why iron fillings which are sprinkled on a sheet of cardboard placed over a bar
magnet, take up a definite pattern when the cardboard is slightly tapped
Sketch four magnetic field lines as obtained in a limited space on a horizontal plane in the earth’s magnetic field alone,
(a) Draw the pattern of magnetic field lines near a bar magnet placed with its north pole pointing towards the geographic north. Indicate the position of neutral points by marking x.
(b) State whether the magnetic field lines in part (a) represent a uniform magnetic field or non-uniform magnetic field
Figure shows a bar magnet placed on the table top with its north pole pointing towards south.
The arrow shows the north-south direction. There are no other magnets or magnetic material
(a) Insert two magnetic field lines on either side of the magnet using arrowhead to show the
the direction of each field line.
(b) Indicate by crosses, the likely position of the neutral points.
(c) What is the magnitude of the magnetic field at each neutral point? Give a reason for your
What conclusion is drawn regarding the magnetic field at a point if a compass needle at that point rests in any direction? Give a reason for your answer
What is a neural point? How is the position of a neutral point located with the use of a compass
State the positions of neutral points when a magnet is placed with its axis in the magnetic meridian and with its north pole
(i) pointing towards the geographic north,
(ii) pointing towards the geographic south
Complete the following sentences:
(a) If the field lines in a magnetic field are parallel and equidistant, the magnetic field is
(b) At a neutral point, the resultant magnetic field is _____________
(c) The neutral points of a bar magnet kept with its north pole pointing towards geographic north are located ___________
Two like magnetic poles:
(a) Repel each other
(b) Attract each other
(c) First attract each other, then repel
(d) Neither attract nor repel
How is an electromagnet made? Name two factors on which the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet depends,
You are required to make an electromagnet from a soft iron bar by using a cell, an insulated coil of copper wire, and a switch.
(a) Draw a circuit diagram to represent the process.
(b) Label the poles of the electromagnet
The figure shows a coil wound around a soft iron bar XY.
(a) State the polarity at the end X and Y as the switch is pressed.
(b) Suggest one way of increasing the strength of the electromagnet so formed
A coil of insulated copper wire is wound around a piece of soft iron and current is passed in the coil from a battery. What name is given to the device so obtained? Give one use of the device mentioned by you.
Show with the aid of a diagram how a wire is wound on a U-shaped piece of soft iron in order to make it an electromagnet. Complete the circuit diagram and label the poles of the
How is the working of an electric bell affected, if the alternating current is used instead of direct current
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