Q1) Write true or false for each statement :
(a) Water is optically denser than glass.
(b) A ray of light when passes from glass to air, bends towards the normal.
(c) The speed of light is more in glass than in water.
(d) The depth of a pond when seen from above appears to be less.
(e) Light travels at a lower speed in water than in air.
(f) Light travels in the same straight line path while passing through different media.
(g) The angle formed between the normal and the refracted ray is known as the angle of incidence.
(h) At the point of incidence, a line drawn at right angles to the surface, separating the two media,is called the normal
(i) Image is formed by a mirror due to refraction of light.
(j) Rays of light incident parallel to the principal axis pass through the focus after reflection from a concave mirror.
(k) A convex mirror is used as a shaving mirror.
(l) The focal length of a convex mirror is equal to its radius of curvature.
(m) A concave mirror converges the light- rays, but a convex mirror diverges them.
(n) A virtual image formed by a spherical mirror is always erect and situated behind the mirror
Q2) Fill in the blanks:
(a) Water is optically _______ than air.
(b) Air is optically _______ than glass.
(c) When a ray of light travels from water to air, it bends _______ the normal.
(d) When a ray of light travels from air to glass, it bends _______ the normal.
(e) When white light passes through a prism, it _______ .
(f) The splitting of white light into its constituent colours is called _______ .
(g) A _______ mirror is obtained on silvering the outer surface of a part of a hollow glass sphere.
(h) Radius of curvature of a spherical mirror is_______ its focal length.
(i) the angle of incidence for a ray of light passing through the centre of curvature of a spherical mirror is_______ .
(j) A _______ mirror always forms a virtual image.
(k) A concave mirror forms a virtual image for an object placed ____________.
Q3) Match the following :
|Column A||Column B|
|(a) white light||(i) convex mirror|
|(b) refraction||(ii) concave mirror|
|(c) virtual images||(iii) refraction|
|(d) real images||(iv) spectrum|
|(e) prism||(v) ray of light from glass to air|
Q4) Select the correct alternative :
(a) The speed of light in air or vacuum is
(b) A ray of light moving from an optically rarer to a denser medium
bends away from the normal
bends towards the normal
none of the above
(c) The angle between the normal and refracted ray is called
angle of deviation
angle of incidence
angle of refraction
the angle of emergence
(d) The property of splitting of white light into its seven constituent colours is known as
(e) The seven colours in the spectrum of sunlight in order, are represented as:
(f) A ray of light passing through centre of curvature of a spherical mirror, after reflection
passes through the focus
passes through the pole
becomes parallel to the principal axis
retraces its own path
(g) If the radius of curvature of a concave mirror is 20 cm, its focal length is:
(h) The image formed by a convex mirror is
erect and diminished
erect and enlarged
inverted and diminished
inverted and enlarged
(i) The image formed by a concave mirror is of the same size as the object, if the object is placed
at the focus
between the pole and focus
between the focus and centre of curvature
at the center of curvature
(j) A convex mirror is used
as a shaving mirror
as a head mirror by a dentist
as a rear view mirror by a driver
as a reflector in torch
Q6) Describe an experiment to show that a light ray bends when it passes from one transparent medium into another transparent medium.
Q7) Draw a ray diagram to show that the depth of a vessel containing water when seen from above, appears to be less than its real depth.
Q8) Define the following terms:
Incident ray, Refracted ray, Angle of Incidence, Angle of refraction
Q12) The diagram given below in figure shows a ray of light AO falling on a surface separating two media. Draw the refracted ray in each case
Q13) Draw a diagram showing the refraction of a light ray from water to glass. Label on it the incident ray, the angle of incidence and the angle of refraction (r).
Q14) The diagram in figure shows a ray of light AO falling on a rectangular glass slab PQRS. Complete the diagram till the ray of light emerges out of the slab. Label on the diagram the incident ray, the refracted ray and the emergent ray.
Q15) Explain the following:
(a) A coin placed at the bottom of a vessel appears to be raised when water is poured in the vessel.
(b) A straight stick partly dipped in water obliquely, appears to be bent at the surface of water.
(c) The sun is seen before the sunrise and after the sunset.
Q19) A ray of light falls on a prism. Draw a ray diagram to show that the prism disperses the white light.
Q20) In figure, AO is the ray of white light falling on a prism PQR. Complete the diagram till the light emerges out from the prism and falls on the screen.
Q21) What do you understand by the term spectrum? Name the various colours present in the spectrum of sunlight.
Q22) You are given a disc divided into seven sectors with colours violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red in them. What would be its colour when it is rotated rapidly?
Q26) Explain the following terms:
Pole, Centre of curvature, Radius of curvature, Principal axis.
Show them on separate diagrams for each of the concave and convex mirrors.
Q27) What do you understand by the focus and focal length of a spherical mirror? Show them on the separate diagrams for each of a concave mirror and convex mirror.
Q28) Draw a suitable diagram to illustrate how a beam of light incident parallel to the principal axis is reflected by:
(a) a concave mirror and (b) a convex mirror
Q29) How is a spherical mirror used to converge a beam of light at a point? Name the type of mirror used.
Q30) How is a spherical mirror used to diverge a beam of light from a point? Name the type of mirror used.
Q31) State the direction of incident ray which after reflection from a spherical mirror gets reflected along its own path. Give a reason.
Q33. The diagram (figure) given below shows two parallel rays 1 and 2 incident on (a) a concave mirror, (b) a convex mirror. Draw the reflected rays and mark the focus by the symbol F
Q34) Complete the following diagrams in figure by drawing the reflected rays for the incident rays 1 and 2 if F is the focus and C is the centre of curvature.
Q35) Which are the two convenient rays that are chosen to construct the image by a spherical mirror for a given object? Explain with the help of suitable ray diagrams.
Q36) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of an image of an object placed beyond the centre of curvature of a concave mirror.State the position, size and nature of the image.
Q37. Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image of an object placed at the centre of curvature of a concave mirror. State the position, size and nature of the image.
Q38) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image of an object placed between the focus and centre of curvature of a concave mirror. State the position, size and nature of the image.
Q39) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image of an object placed between the pole and focus of a concave mirror. State the position, size and nature of the image.
Q40) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image of an object placed on the principal axis of a convex mirror. State the position, size and nature of the image. What happens to the image as the object is moved away from the mirror?
Q42) Name the mirror which always forms an erect and virtual image.What is the size of the image as compared to that of the object?
Q43) Name the mirror which forms an erect, virtual and enlarged image of an object. What is the position of object relative to the mirror?
Q44) What is a real image ? Name the mirror which can be used to obtain the real image of an object. What should be the position of the object relative to the mirror?
Q45) How can a concave mirror be used to obtain a virtual image of an object? Draw a diagram to illustrate your answer.
Q48) A driver uses a convex mirror as a rear view mirror.Explain the reason with the help of a ray diagram.
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