Which of the following correctly represents 360 g of water?
(i) 2 moles of H20
(ii) 20 moles of water
(iii) 6.022 × 1023 molecules of water
(iv) 1.2044×1025 molecules of water
Choose the option :
(b) (i) and (iv)
(c) (ii) and (iii)
(d) (ii) and (iv)
Which of the following statements is not true about an atom?
(a) Atoms are not able to exist independently
(b) Atoms are the basic units from which molecules and ions are formed
(c) Atoms are always neutral in nature
d) Atoms aggregate in large numbers to form the matter that we can see, feel or touch
Which of the following would weigh the highest?
(a) 0.2 mole of sucrose (C12 H22 O11)
(b) 2 moles of CO2
(c) 2 moles of CaCO3
(d) 10 moles of H2O
Which of the following has a maximum number of atoms?
(a) 18g of H2O
(b) 18g of O2
(c) 18g of CO2
(d) 18g of CH4
Which of the following contains the maximum number of molecules?
(a) 1g CO2
(b) 1g N2
(c) 1g H2
(d) 1g CH4
Mass of one atom of oxygen is
(a) 23 16 g 6.023 10 ×
(b) 23 32 g 6.023 10 ×
(c) 23 1 g 6.023 10 ×
3.42 g of sucrose is dissolved in 18g of water in a beaker. The number of oxygen atoms in the solution is
(a) 6.68 × 1023 (b) 6.09 × 1022 (c) 6.022 × 1023 (d) 6.022 × 1021
A change in the physical state can be brought about
(a) only when energy is given to the system
(b) only when energy is taken out from the system
(c) when energy is either given to or taken out from the system
(d) without any energy change
Which of the following represents a correct chemical formula? Name it.
Write the molecular formulae for the following compounds
(a) Copper (II) bromide
(b) Aluminum (III) nitrate
(c) Calcium (II) phosphate
(d) Iron (III) sulfide
(e) Mercury (II) chloride
(f) Magnesium (II) acetate
Write the molecular formulae of all the compounds that can be formed by the combination of following ions Cu2+, Na+, Fe3+, Cl– SO4 -2, PO4 -3
Write the cations and anions present (if any) in the following compounds
Give the formulae of the compounds formed from the following sets of elements
(a) Calcium and fluorine
(b) Hydrogen and sulfur
(c) Nitrogen and hydrogen
(d) Carbon and chlorine
(e) Sodium and oxygen
(f) Carbon and oxygen
Which of the following symbols of elements are incorrect? Give their correct symbols
(a) Cobalt CO
(b) Carbon c
(c) Aluminium AL
(d) Helium He
(e) Sodium So
Give the chemical formulae for the following compounds and compute the ratio by mass of the combining elements in each one of them. (You may use appendix-III).
(b) Carbon monoxide
(c) Hydrogen chloride
(d) Aluminum fluoride
(e) Magnesium sulfide
State the number of atoms present in each of the following chemical species
(c) P2 O5
Classify each of the following on the basis of their atomicity.
You are provided with a fine white colored powder which is either sugar or salt. How would you identify it without tasting?
To examine if the fine white colored powder is sugar pr salt we can conduct two experiments.
Calculate the number of moles of magnesium present in a magnesium ribbon weighing 12 g. Molar atomic mass of magnesium is 24 g mol–1.
Verify by calculating that (a) 5 moles of CO2 and 5 moles of H2O do not have the same mass. (b) 240 g of calcium and 240 g magnesium elements have a mole ratio of 3:5.
Find the ratio by mass of the combining elements in the following compounds. (You may use Appendix-III) (a) CaCO3 (d) C2H5OH (b) MgCl2 (e) NH3 (c) H2SO4 (f) Ca(OH)2
Calcium chloride when dissolved in water dissociates into its ions according to the following equation. CaCl2 (aq) → Ca2+ (aq) + 2Cl– (aq) Calculate the number of ions obtained from CaCl2 when 222 g of it is dissolved in water.
The difference in the mass of 100 moles each of sodium atoms and sodium ions is 5.48002 g. Compute the mass of an electron.
Cinnabar (HgS) is a prominent ore of mercury. How many grams of mercury are present in 225 g of pure HgS? The molar mass of Hg and S is 200.6 g mol–1 and 32 g mol–1 respectively.
The mass of one steel screw is 4.11g. Find the mass of one mole of these steel screws. Compare this value with the mass of the Earth (5.98 × 1024kg). Which one of the two is heavier and by how many times?
A sample of Vitamin C is known to contain 2.58 ×1024 oxygen atoms. How many moles of oxygen atoms are present in the sample?
Raunak took 5 moles of carbon atoms in a container and Krish also took 5 moles of sodium atoms in another container of same weight.
(a) Whose container is heavier?
(b) Whose container has more number of atoms?
Fill in the missing data in the Table 3.1
|Species property||H2O||CO2||Na atom||MgCl2|
|No of Moles||2||0.5||5||0.5|
|No of particles||12.044×1024||3.011×1023||3.011×1023||3.011×1023|
The visible universe is estimated to contain 1022 stars. How many moles are present in the visible universe?
What is the SI prefix for each of the following multiples and submultiples of a unit?
Compute the difference in masses of 103 moles each of magnesium atoms and magnesium ions. (Mass of an electron = 9.1×10–31 kg)
A gold sample of a gold and the rest copper. How many atoms of gold are present in one gram of this sample of gold?
Compute the difference in masses of one mole each of aluminum atoms and one mole of its ions. (Mass of an electron is 9.1×10–28 g). Which one is heavier?
A silver ornament of mass ‘m’ gram is polished with gold equivalent to 1% of the mass of silver. Compute the ratio of the number of atoms of gold and silver in the ornament.
A sample of ethane (C2H6) gas has the same mass as 1.5 ×1020 molecules of methane (CH4). How many C2H6 molecules does the sample of gas contain?
Fill in the blanks
(a) In a chemical reaction, the sum of the masses of the reactants and products remains unchanged. This is called _______.
(b) A group of atoms carrying a fixed charge on them is called _______.
(c) The formula unit mass of Ca3 (PO4)2 is _______ .
(d) Formula of sodium carbonate is _______ and that of ammonium sulphate is _______.
Complete the following crossword puzzle (Fig. 3.1) by using the name of the chemical elements. Use the data given in Table 3.2.
|The element used by Rutherford during his α–scattering experiment||A white lustrous metal used for making ornaments and which tends to get tarnished black in the presence of moist air|
|An element which forms rust on exposure to moist air||Both brass and bronze are alloys of the element|
|A very reactive non–metal stored under water||The metal which exists in the liquid state at room temperature|
|Zinc metal when treated with dilute hydrochloric acid produces a gas of this element which when tested with burning splinter produces a pop sound.||An element with symbol Pb|
(a) In this crossword puzzle (Fig 3.2), names of 11 elements are hidden. Symbols of these are given below. Complete the puzzle. 1. Cl 7. He 2. H 8. F 3. Ar 9. Kr 4. O 10. Rn 5. Xe 11. Ne 6. N
Write the formulae for the following and calculate the molecular mass for each one of them.
(a) Caustic potash
(b) Baking powder
(d) Caustic soda
(f) Common salt
In photosynthesis, 6 molecules of carbon dioxide combine with an equal number of water molecules through a complex series of reactions to give a molecule of glucose having a molecular formula C6H12O6. How many grams of water would be required to produce 18 g of glucose? Compute the volume of water so consumed assuming the density of water to be 1 g cm-3.
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