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Force and Laws of Motion | Exercises 1

Question 5

A hockey ball of mass 200 g travelling at 10 ms^{-1} is struck by a hockey stick so as to return it along its original path with a velocity at 5 ms^{-1}. Calculate the magnitude of change of momentum occurred in the motion of the hockey ball by the force applied by the hockey stick.

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Given, mass of the ball (m) = 200g

Initial velocity of the ball (u) = 10 m/s

Final velocity of the ball (v) = 5m/s

\text { Initial momentum of the ball }=m u=200 g \times 10 m s^{-1}=2000 g . m \cdot s^{-1}

\text { Final momentum of the ball }=m v=200 g \times 5 m s^{-1}=1000 g . m \cdot s^{-1}

\text { Therefore, the change in momentum }(\mathrm{mv}-\mathrm{mu})=1000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}-2000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}=-1000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}

This implies that the momentum of the ball reduces by 1000 g.m.s^{-1} after being struck by the hockey stick.

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Question 5

A hockey ball of mass 200 g travelling at 10 ms^{-1} is struck by a hockey stick so as to return it along its original path with a velocity at 5 ms^{-1}. Calculate the magnitude of change of momentum occurred in the motion of the hockey ball by the force applied by the hockey stick.

Looking to do well in your science exam ? Learn from an expert tutor. Book a free class!

Given, mass of the ball (m) = 200g

Initial velocity of the ball (u) = 10 m/s

Final velocity of the ball (v) = 5m/s

\text { Initial momentum of the ball }=m u=200 g \times 10 m s^{-1}=2000 g . m \cdot s^{-1}

\text { Final momentum of the ball }=m v=200 g \times 5 m s^{-1}=1000 g . m \cdot s^{-1}

\text { Therefore, the change in momentum }(\mathrm{mv}-\mathrm{mu})=1000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}-2000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}=-1000 \mathrm{g} \cdot \mathrm{m} \cdot \mathrm{s}^{-1}

This implies that the momentum of the ball reduces by 1000 g.m.s^{-1} after being struck by the hockey stick.

Our top 5% students will be awarded a special scholarship to Lido.

subject-cta
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