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NCERT Solutions Class 10 Mathematics Solutions for Probability - Exercise 15.1 in Chapter 15 - Probability

Question 9 Probability - Exercise 15.1

12 defective pens are accidentally mixed with 132 good ones. It is not possible to just look at a pen and tell whether or not it is defective. One pen is taken out at random from this lot. Determine the probability that the pen taken out is a good one.

Answer:

Numbers of pens = Numbers of defective pens + Numbers of good pens

∴ Total number of pens = 132+12 = 144 pens

P(E) = (Number of favourable outcomes/ Total number of outcomes)

P(picking a good pen) = 132/144 = 11/12 = 0.916

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