Jump to

A motor boat can travel 30 km upstream and 28 km downstream in 7 hours. It can travel 21 km upstream and return in 5 hours. Find the speed of the boat in still water and the speed of the stream.

Answer:

Let speed of boat in still water = x km/hr

and the speed of the stream = y km/hr

Speed of motor boat upstream = (x – y) km/hr

Speed of motor boat downstream = (x + y) km/hr

**Case I:** Time taken by motor boat in 30 km upstream = 30/(x-y) hr

Time taken by motor boat in 28 km downstream = 28/(x+y) hr

\therefore \frac{30}{(x-y)}+\frac{28}{(x+y)}=7\\ \Rightarrow 2\left[\frac{15}{(x-y)}+\frac{14}{(x+y)}\right]=7\\ \Rightarrow \frac{15}{x-y}+\frac{14}{x+y}=\frac{7}{2}

**Case II:** Time taken by motor boat in 21 km upstream = 21/(x-y) hr

Time taken by motor boat to return 21 km downstream = 21/(x+y) hr

\therefore=\frac{21}{x-y}+\frac{21}{x+y}=5\\ \Rightarrow 21\left[\frac{1}{x-y}+\frac{1}{x+y}\right]=5\\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{x-y}+\frac{1}{x+y}=\frac{5}{21} \ldots from \ (i)\\ \frac{15}{x-y}+\frac{14}{x+y}=\frac{7}{2} \text { [From (i)] }

As equations (both) are symmetric to (x – y) and (x + y) so we can eliminate either (x–y) or (x + y).

Multiplying (ii) by 14, we get

\frac{14}{(x-y)}+\frac{14}{(x+y)}=\frac{70}{21} \ \ ...(iii)\\ \frac{15}{(x-y)}+\frac{14}{x+y}=\frac{7}{2} \ \ \text { [From (i) }

\frac{14}{(x-y)}-\frac{15}{(x-y)}=\frac{10}{3}-\frac{7}{2}[\text { Subtracting } \text { (i) from (iii)] }\\ \Rightarrow \frac{14-15}{(x-y)}=\frac{20-7 \times 3}{3 \times 2}\\ \Rightarrow \frac{-1}{(x-y)}=\frac{-1}{6} \ldots(\mathrm{iv})\\ \Rightarrow(x-y)=6

Now, substituting x – y = 6 in (ii), we have

\frac{1}{(x-y)}+\frac{1}{(x+y)}=\frac{5}{21} \\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{6}+\frac{1}{(x+y)}=\frac{5}{21} \\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{(x+y)}=\frac{5}{21}-\frac{1}{6} \\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{(x-y)}=\frac{2 \times 5-7 \times 1}{3 \times 7 \times 2} \\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{(x+y)}=\frac{3}{42} \\ \Rightarrow \frac{1}{(x+y)}=\frac{1}{14}

⇒ x + y= 14 ....(v)

x - y = 6 (From (iv))

2x = 20

⇒ x = 10 km/hr

Now, x + y = 14 (From (v))

⇒ 10 + y = 14

⇒ y = 4 km/hr

Hence, the speed of motorboat and stream are 10km/hr and 4 km/hr
respectively.

Related Questions

Was This helpful?

Exercises

Chapters

Lido

Courses

Quick Links

Terms & Policies

Terms & Policies

2022 © Quality Tutorials Pvt Ltd All rights reserved