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Rational and Irrational Numbers | Rational and Irrational Numbers Exercise 1.4

Question 11

. Write in descending order.

(i) 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 4√3, 3√(6/5)

(ii) 5/√3, 7/3 √2, -√3, 3√5, 2√7

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(i) 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 4√3, 3√(6/5)

9/√2 = (9×√2)/(√2×√2) = 9√2/2 = √((81/4)×2) = √(81/2) = √40.5

3/2 √5 = √((9/4)×5) = √(45/4) = √11.25

4√3 = √(16×3) = √48

3√(6/5) = √((9×6)/5) = √(54/5) = √10.8

Now, let us arrange in descending order

√48, √40.5, √11.25, √10.8

So,

4√3, 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 3√(6/5)

(ii) 5/√3, 7/3 √2, -√3, 3√5, 2√7

5/√3 = √(25/3) = √8.33

7/3 √2 = √((49/9) ×2) = √98/9 = √10.88

-√3 = -√3

3√5 = √(9×5) =√45

2√7 = √(4×7) = √28

Now, let us arrange in descending order

√45, √28, √10.88.., √8.33.., -√3

So,

3√5, 2√7, 7/3√2, 5/√3, -√3

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Question 11

. Write in descending order.

(i) 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 4√3, 3√(6/5)

(ii) 5/√3, 7/3 √2, -√3, 3√5, 2√7

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(i) 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 4√3, 3√(6/5)

9/√2 = (9×√2)/(√2×√2) = 9√2/2 = √((81/4)×2) = √(81/2) = √40.5

3/2 √5 = √((9/4)×5) = √(45/4) = √11.25

4√3 = √(16×3) = √48

3√(6/5) = √((9×6)/5) = √(54/5) = √10.8

Now, let us arrange in descending order

√48, √40.5, √11.25, √10.8

So,

4√3, 9/√2, 3/2 √5, 3√(6/5)

(ii) 5/√3, 7/3 √2, -√3, 3√5, 2√7

5/√3 = √(25/3) = √8.33

7/3 √2 = √((49/9) ×2) = √98/9 = √10.88

-√3 = -√3

3√5 = √(9×5) =√45

2√7 = √(4×7) = √28

Now, let us arrange in descending order

√45, √28, √10.88.., √8.33.., -√3

So,

3√5, 2√7, 7/3√2, 5/√3, -√3

Our top 5% students will be awarded a special scholarship to Lido.

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