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Wisdom Vine

5 Foods that have Hidden Sugar

People might consider candies or sweets as food with sugars. But, there are many foods that people would consider “healthy” that may actually have a lot of added or hidden sugar in them. Consumption of excess sugars is unhealthy in many ways. So, it’s important to be aware of foods that have high sugar content.

Granola Bars

We usually associate protein bars with ‘health foods.’ These bars though have many sweeteners like corn syrup or brown sugar, that are high in calorific value. These bars are often tagged as low-fat health food, despite being high in both calories and sugar. If you are someone who cannot resist a granola bar, try choosing the ones with less added sugar or maybe try making one at home! It can also be used as a topping for fruit or yoghurt. Just keep an eye on the total sugars in the bar!

Breakfast Cereal

Many breakfast cereals like corn flakes’ or ‘chocolate cereals’ have as much as 10-20 grams of hidden sugar per cup. Always read the label before you buy breakfast cereal. Go for the ones that are high in fiber and don’t have added sugar. As breakfast cereals are consumed daily in many homes, it’s important to go through the ‘nutrition facts’ panel so you know what you’re getting. Also, remember that the total amount of sugars recommended for children will be lower than adults- so keep an eye on those portions.

Energy Drinks

Energy drinks are meant to hydrate and energize the body in a short period. Due to this reason, they have sugars of which we aren’t aware of. Drinks like Redbull, Monster do serve the purpose if we talk about ‘quick-energy.’, but aren’t great for our body in the long run.  

Ready-to-eat foods

Instant upma, poha and other ready-to-eat food items have added sugar because of which they could be classified as ‘not-so-healthy.’ Sugars and salts help preserve the food longer – which is why they’re present in generous proportions in most ready-to-eat foods. Try cooking at home whenever possible so you know what you are consuming. Again, checking the labels before making any purchase is the right approach for all consumables. 

Canned fruits and juices

Sugar acts as a preservative and hence is added to canned fruits and juices to prevent spoilage. Canned fruits and juices also lack the nutrients that fresh fruits and juices provide. So we’d say that you include fresh fruits and juices in your meals rather than the canned ones. Opt for brands that don’t have too much added sugar. When selecting juices, read the label to see if it says “100% fruit juice” or if it is juices made from pulp/ concentrate with added sugars and water, along with preservatives. 

Children’s Health Drinks

That yummy chocolate-flavoured powder we’re mixing in our child’s milk, to make it more palatable, we think it’s a win-win right? Our children love it, plus it’s got all those added vitamins to boot! Well, there’s one more ‘added’ thing in them that you probably didn’t expect. Added sugars. Yes, a lot of health drinks available in the market have a lot of added sugars. This makes them appealing to our children. It’s time we took a good hard look at the labels and see just how much added sugars your ‘health’ mix has. A healthier option might just be to offer them a home-made banana or strawberry shake. 

Flavoured milk/ Yoghurt

It’s the same as the health drinks – we think we’re offering our children a healthier alternative. But, while the milk and yogurt by themselves are great for your children, the moment we add the flavours, there might be sugars added to sweeten the drink up. Again- you might find it a healthier alternative to serving your yogurt up with fresh fruit, raisins and nuts. 

Anything consumed in excess is not healthy! Keeping a check on what we are consuming helps. Especially in this day and age when we tend to be overly dependent on readymade sauces, spreads, and juices. . It’s always better to t be aware of the daily sugar intake of the family. . Freshly cooked meals do go a long way in being conscious of what’s going onto the family’s plates. But if that’s difficult, look around for the healthy options – by making sure to check the nutritional information and ingredients of the products we buy.  

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Improving your Child’s Mental Math ability

For children, being aware of math tricks in order to perform quick calculations is a must. It is something that children should be encouraged to learn from a young age. The ability to do mental math is a great way to save time while solving lengthy word problems or even solving general math questions! Let’s look at some of the ways that can help brush up your child’s mental math abilities!

Use technology to your advantage!

With countless apps to learn maths from, app or game-based learning is a great way to improve your child’s mental math abilities. Apps like ‘Mental Math Practice’ or ‘Mental Math,’ on the playstore are a great way to hone your child’s mental math ability. Educational games are a great way to keep your child engaged and at the same time, improve their thinking skills.

Encourage your child to read math books

Math books for children like ‘Vedic Maths or Mental Mathematics on Flipkart are some great books that will help in your child’s math-learning journey. There are books available online with easy-to-learn tips and tricks for maths that could come in very handy for problem-solving. Apart from the regular curriculum followed in schools, introducing children to such useful books is a great way to enhance their mental math skills.

Calculate without the calculator

With smartphones and calculators readily available, children rarely calculate anything mentally. One of the best ways to sharpen math skills is by making use of number tricks and hacks that would help in calculations. Aim to use calculators only when absolutely necessary. Isn’t that what the purpose of ‘mental maths’ is, ultimately? To put our brains to work and look for answers!

Play memory improving games

Games like ‘Sudoku’ or ‘Sum Square’ are great for children to boost their memory and concentration level. Sudoku is known to improve memory and analytical thinking – memory and logic work side-by-side while we solve it. That’s a skill needed for doing mental math too. Besides such memory games, there are also some useful mental-math tricks that can be used while solving problems.

Practice! Practice!

Remember, ‘practice makes–perfect!’ The key is to develop ‘number curiosity’ in your child’s mind so they don’t dread doing maths. The more they practice solving problems, the better they will learn. Math is all about practice and patience – the more you solve, the more you learn. With practice, mental maths becomes second nature until they find it easier to do it all mentally than to use pen and paper or even the calculator! 

Mental maths is a great tool to have in your arsenal when you appear for competitive exams like olympiads or even entrance exams in later stages. It helps in completing your paper not just accurately, but on time – and that’s a skill that everyone could do with! 

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Wisdom Vine

What is Journaling and how can it help?

Some call it diary writing, some call it journaling. As parents, it’s important to know who journaling can help your child in expressing their emotions or collecting their thoughts in a journal. There are a lot of benefits to journaling and here’s how it can help your little ones!

It improves writing & communication skills

Expressing our thoughts on paper helps us to improve our writing and communication. The earlier children learn to start journaling, the better they get at writing effectively. Simply put, writing more helps us write better. Getting into the habit of regular journaling helps children in improving their communication skills as well. It helps with accurate syntax, sentence formation and flow. 

Sparks Creativity

Journaling is a great way to pen down your thoughts and ideas on paper. Encourage children to chronicle anything from their day at school or the changes they like to see or make around themselves or even about their experience during a recent family vacation. The key is to ask them questions that would spark creativity and encourage them to write down their answers on paper. Writing paves way to being more open-minded and takes one’s imagination to a different level.

It leads to better emotional health

The ability to write about your thoughts and emotions is a great skill to possess. It leads to improved emotional well-being of both children and adults. Journaling helps you describe your feelings and is a good coping mechanism for the hard times an individual might be going through. It can also prove to be a safe outlet for all the negative thoughts or emotions that are swirling around in a child’s head. Writing just about anything is a great stress-buster and helps in maintaining our emotional balance.

Set & Achieve your goals

Writing down our goals and aspirations in a journal is a good way to think and plan ahead. Get children to write down what they hope to achieve that week, that month and that year. The journal starts to work like a progress-tracker where children can keep a tab on their growth in whatever they choose to write about. They could write about something as simple as ‘Hobbies I want to pursue’ or ‘What are the new things I learnt about XYZ.’ Journaling with the purpose of tracking achievements can help children maintain positivity in their lives and build on their self esteem, when they see how much they’ve achieved. 

Boosts your memory

Your brain is likely to remember everything you have written down in your journal. Reading old entries in your journal can trigger memories of events and experiences you might have forgotten. In simple words, writing something down is a great way to recall it in the future. Studies have revealed that people who journaled at night had a better memory-recall of events and experiences than the ones who journaled during the day.

Whatever the reason your children might have to start Journaling, it is important that we respect their privacy. Let journaling be the space where they can write without judgement, think without policing. It is a way for children to process the information around them. Trust that they will come to you if something is really bothering them, but allow them to work through it first. Journaling can help children at any age. In fact, it’s never too late to start – you might want to consider keeping a journal yourself! 

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Wisdom Vine

Your Body Language is revealing your deepest secrets!

Communication has got to do with a lot more than the words we speak. And one of the most important non-verbal clues is body language. There are a few non-verbal communication cues that we cannot control but they say a lot about what a person is trying to convey. So let’s jump in to see how you can use body language to create the right impression.

Handshakes

A firm handshake conveys a sign of confidence. A handshake is one of the first impressions we get of someone. A nice, firm handshake implies that a person is confident and outgoing. A limp handshake could imply the exact opposite of this. If you drop out your hand too quickly, it could be taken as a sign of shyness. Mind you, we’re saying firm, not bone-crushing! You don’t want to leave the other person in pain and confused about why you want to hurt them. Remember, a handshake and the first impression go hand-in-hand, literally.

Crossing your arms

Talking to someone with arms crossed could give out a sign of being a closed person, someone who’s not open to communication. Others may also take it as a sign of you being anxious or lacking confidence. Let your arms fall to your side when you are conversing. This will give people the impression of you being more approachable and open to communication. At times, a ‘cross-arm’ cue could also convey arrogance or overconfidence. Always better to have your arms by your side, or on your lap, if you’re sitting, instead!

Posture

A person’s posture can tell a lot about their personality and how they feel about something. An open posture, that is, keeping the trunk of the body open coveys friendliness and an ‘open-to-talk’ attitude. A closed posture, where a person tries to hide the trunk of their body either by crossing their arms or a slumped posture may convey hostility or a ‘not keen to talk’ attitude. Posture also has to do with how you sit, stand and walk. Sitting slouched over signifies dejection, or a lack in confidence. SItting sprawled out might be misconstrued as arrogance in a formal situation. Standing with your shoulders thrown back isn’t just great for your spine- it’s great body language too. 

Eye Contact

When we try to avoid eye contact while speaking, we tend to come across as shy or under confident. It’s an important non-verbal cue of communication that says a lot about an individual’s personality. Always maintaining eye contact while speaking is the key to come across as friendly and a confident individual. It also conveys that a person is attentive and focused while communicating. It’s a  vital non-verbal cue.

Tapping your feet while sitting

If you do this often, people might think of you as someone who is impatient or someone who is nervous. This, in turn, might make others uncomfortable while talking to you – they may think you are preoccupied or are inattentive to the person in front of you. The best way to avoid this is by simply being aware of the times you tend to do it. Shifting your position to a more comfortable or moving your feet slightly might help you curb this habit. 

Smile

This might seem like a rather obvious one- but you’d be surprised by the number of times we forget to employ this rather simple tool. Smile often, smile while making eye contact and smile whole heartedly. It reflects positivity and happiness- both qualities that people love to have around them. 

Body language often gives out signals of our thought process or frame of mind, that we may not realise we’re giving out. . Sticking to the right non-verbal cues will help you communicate better and make others want to talk to you. Remember, your body language can speak volumes about you – even if you don’t utter a single word!

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Wisdom Vine

Stress eating – What is it and how to avoid it

Do your children start munching on food when they feel worried about something or because of something that is bothering them? Don’t worry, they are not alone. Stress is a common trigger for many children and adults that leads to ‘emotional eating.’ Children and adults turn to ‘comfort foods’ whenever they are burdened because of circumstances. Stress eating can lead to unhealthy dietary habits, apart from taking a toll on your mental health. It is easy to say we need to “avoid stress” so we don’t stress eat, but we know that’s not always possible. But there are ways to reduce the chances of you or your child reaching for that bar of chocolate. 

Identify the stressors

It’s important to identify and understand the stressors that lead to stress eating. These are the emotional triggers that make you want to eat without actually feeling hungry. Once parents recognize these stressors, they can take the necessary steps to reduce the stressors in the first place. Try to provide healthier alternatives when children stress eat. For example, doing yoga or exercise when children are stressed. Interact with your children and make sure they know they can come to you when they are going through a difficult time.

Avoid rewarding children with food

Rewarding your child with candies or chocolates from an early age will make them habituated to using food as a stress-buster in the future. Instead, try rewarding them with a book, an activity  or something that would keep them happily engaged like a musical instrument/craft item. This also breaks the correlation of feeling rewarded every time you have an unhealthy snack. 

Pick up a sport!

Studies have shown that children who lead an active lifestyle are able to handle stress better. The best way to ensure this is by picking up a sport they like, and taking the time out to pursue it together. Being involved in sports is a great way to keep stress at bay. You are also role-modeling an active lifestyle for them to follow, while having a whole lot of fun! Even if you can’t actively pursue it with them, weekend games are a great way to bond. Besides, when they see their parents make an effort at an activity that they might not be great at, it encourages them to try out new activities without the fear of failure! That’s a further reduction of stress levels, right there. 

Keep a track of what children eat

Keeping a track of your child’s eating habits will help them realize when and why they eat. This could help to limit food cravings arising due to emotional factors. The more your children are aware of their eating habits, the better it will be for them to avoid stress-eating. Making them follow an ‘eating schedule’ could help in ensuring they stick to a weekly routine for eating. You might initially need to follow this schedule with them – but gradually they will be able to self-regulate, when they settle into the new schedule. 

Find ways to overcome boredom

Sometimes it’s not the stress, but the sheer lack of activity or something to do that leads to bingeing. Isn’t that what we ourselves are guilty of doing sometimes – Reaching for that bag of chips or popcorn while binge-watching the latest series on the television? . Pick up a hobby together or an activity they like. Children tend to eat more when they are bored and eventually this becomes a habit. The best way to avoid this is by keeping a check on these habits from an early age in their lives!

Like we said at the outset – we cannot completely eliminate stress from our lives, but we can regulate how we and our children react to it. Habits are hard to break – but with a bit of encouragement and a whole lot of love, we can guide our children to be able to deal with life’s stresses without reaching for that last piece of chocolate cake in the fridge – unless it’s your birthday! Then you absolutely must have the last piece of chocolate cake in the fridge!

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Math-magic! Quick Multiplication Tips for Children

The jump from addition and subtraction to multiplication could turn out to be a challenge for children who are just starting out with it. However, there are a few tips ways by which parents and teachers can ensure that children grasp the concept of  multiplication without dreading numbers! 

Make use of pictures or materials to introduce the concept

Try and make use of anything lying around – pencils, balls, coins or pictures. Just about anything! Children learn faster when they are taught using some sort of pictorial representation or regular materials. Before explaining the ‘bookish ‘concepts, it’s advisable to make them understand what multiplication is, using simple, everyday objects. Things like x number of coins in each hand  is equal to x times two coins together. This is a great teaching method to make the transition from ‘+,’’ -’ to ‘x’ in their learning journey

Relate multiplication to addition

It goes without saying that children will better relate to addition while learning multiplication. The more we simplify concepts for them, the better their level of understanding. For example, 2×3 can be explained to them as 2+2+2 (that’s why we use the words, three times two). Once they interpret the meaning of multiplying, they’ll sail through the other concepts. After all, multiplication is repeated addition, isn’t it?

Use the multiplication table, starting with the “easy” numbers

Gradually, when children grasp the concept of multiplication, or repeated addition, introduce them to multiplication tables. Begin with the easy numbers like 2 or 3. While they learn their tables, be there to explain why 2×3 is 6 or why 3×3 is 9. Remember, it is all about strengthening their math fundamentals. Keep a multiplication table handy which children can refer to and try to make learning as much fun as you can! Reward them with stickers or stars when they get their tables right. 

Show how commutative property makes things simpler. 

Explaining children that any numbers can be multiplied in any order plays a crucial role in clearing any doubts they might have. Teach them how multiplication is commutative, just like addition. 2×5 is the same as 5×2. The more comfortable children are with numbers, the better they will be on the uptake. When they understand the commutative property effectively, it will only encourage them to go a step further. And again, you can make use of visual aids to explain this concept!

Try multiplication games

Game-based learning turns out to be effective almost every time. With multiple apps to download from, multiplication can be made a lot easier through the help of learning games. Some of the games you can search for are ‘Times Tables’ and ‘Math Blaster.’ Learning through games will keep children engaged and make learning an adventure of sorts.

Break memorization down into simpler steps

Once children start learning the multiplication table, explain to them the use of multiplication in our daily lives. Follow a step-by-step approach and gradually increase the difficulty level. The right approach with the right encouragement will do wonders for children. Give them enough time to practice a concept before you move on to the next. Once children are comfortable with memorizing the multiplication of smaller numbers, move on to bigger numbers. Don’t try to rush them onto the next number until they are completely familiar with the previous numbers.

By making use of these simple and effective strategies, you can ensure that multiplication isn’t so daunting for your children. Allow for a few mistakes to be made initially – it’s all part of strengthening their maths skills. Keep practicing and praising their efforts and you’ll notice how your child’s love for mathematics multiples!

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Wisdom Vine

Women in Science who changed the World

When we think of great scientists, the first names that come to our mind are Albert Einstein or Isaac Newton. But what about the amazing women scientists who changed the world with their discoveries? This ‘International Day of Women & Girls in Science’ let’s tell you about some of these women, who changed how we see the world of science.

Rosalind Franklin (25 July, 1920 – 16 April, 1958)

Rosalind had an important role in the discovery of the double helix structure of the DNA. Her work and findings of DNA were crucial to the discovery of its structure. She also helped in providing insights into the structure of viruses, which helped to lay the foundation for the study of virology

Marie Curie (7 November, 1867 – 4 July, 1934)

She won the Nobel prize twice for her contribution to physics and chemistry. The first woman to win it and the only one to win it twice! We all know her as the woman who discovered radium along with her husband. But very few know that she discovered Polonium, a rare and highly radioactive metal. Truly a remarkable feat we’d say!

Kamala Sohonie (18 June, 1911 – 28 June, 1998)

Kamala was an Indian biochemist who was the first woman to receive a PhD in science. Her research mainly focused on the effects of vitamins as well as the nutritive values of pulses and other food items consumed by some of the poorest sections of the Indian population. She notably stood against physicist C.V Raman and demanded that she be allowed to work at the Indian Institute of Science.

Ada Lovelace (10 December, 1815 – 27 November, 1852)

Known as the ‘first programmer of the world’, Ada wrote an algorithm for a computing machine back in the 1800s. She provided amazing insights into the analytical engines invented by Charles Babbage. She also went on to theorize a method for the engine to repeat a series of instructions, a process known as looping that computer programs use even today!

Janaki Ammal (4 November, 1897 – 7 February, 1984)

Janaki was an Indian botanist, also the first Indian woman botanist. She leaves her mark in history as a botanist who developed several hybrid crop species still grown today. These include varieties of sweet sugarcane that India could grow itself instead of importing from abroad. She specialized in breeding hybrids of plants and also made significant contributions to genetics.

Vera Rubin (23 July, 1928 – 25 December, 2016)

An American astronomer, Vera discovered the existence of dark matter in galaxies. The discovery brought about a change in the way we think of the universe. and showed us how galaxies bind together. Apart from her observations confirming the theory of dark matter, her enthusiasm for science also motivated many other women to follow in her footsteps.

Chien-Shiung Wu (31 May, 1912 –  16 February, 1997)

Chien was a Chinese-American physicist who developed a process for separating Uranium metal by gaseous diffusion. Her repeated experiments went on to prove that identical nuclear particles do not always act alike. She continued to make significant contributions throughout her life – for which Chien was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1975.

Katherine Johnson (26 August, 1918 – 24 February, 2020)

Johnson was a mathematician who worked for NASA. Her calculations of orbital mechanics were critical to sending the first Americans into space. She also worked on the Space Shuttle and the Earth Resources Technology Satellite. Katherine received the Medal of Freedom – America’s highest civilian honour by President Obama in 2015. She was honoured for her outstanding contributions to mathematics and science.

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Wisdom Vine

Common Mistakes you should avoid while speaking English

Isn’t English a funny language? And it’s made even funnier when we speak the language incorrectly! Fret not, even native English speakers tend to mix up phrases or get confused between certain words. We’re here to shed light on some of the common mistakes to avoid while speaking English.

Use of the wrong tense

Many, I repeat many people use the wrong tense unknowingly. For example, instead of saying ‘I didn’t say that,’ we end up saying ‘I didn’t said that,’ A lot of us get confused between past tense and present tense and this leads to a mix-up while we speak the same. Don’t get tensed up and practice the tenses we’d say!

Starting every sentence with ‘Basically’ or ‘Like’

‘Basically, it’s like I always like to travel.’ That’s basically a big no! Refrain from using words like ‘basically’ and ‘like’ before or in-between sentences. Doing so reflects laziness and a lack of creativity while we speak. This is a common mistake made by the English-speaking population in India.

Using two comparatives/superlatives together

As a general thumb rule, always remember that a sentence must not have two superlatives or comparatives together. For example, ‘The pizza is more better than the one we had yesterday’ is incorrect. Here, better is the comparative of the adjective good and more is the comparative to the adjective much. ‘The pizza is better than the one we had yesterday’ will be the correct sentence.

‘Me’ vs ‘I’

‘They are going to send my friend and I an invitation. Here, if we remove the person preceding the I, it would sound – They are going to send I a package.’ This is wrong! The correct sentence will be ‘They are going to send me a package. Similarly, if we say Rahul and me are going to the market.’  Now again, if we repeat the same process for the previous sentence, it becomes ‘Me am going to the market.’ This is also wrong. Avoid this mistake and in both cases, and always, put yourself last!

Using ‘Say’ & ‘Tell’

Confusion between these two words leads to improper sentences being spoken by us. ‘Say me your name’ is incorrect because the word ‘say’ is usually used to express something in words. It also demands an action to be performed, which is incorrect. The correct usage would be ‘Tell me your name’

Wrong usage of ‘Does’ & ‘Do’

A common mistake we make while speaking is using which of these two words to use and when. Does is the singular form of the subject and do is the plural form. Does is used with he, she, or it; do is used with I, you, we, or they. For example, ‘He does not like that’ or ‘They do not like that.’ Did you notice the usage changes as per the subject?

Confusion with ‘Revert’ / ‘Revert back’

The word ‘revert’ itself means to get back to a previous subject or condition. So adding the word ‘back’ in the sentence is incorrect and is of no use! ‘I will revert soon’ is correct and not ‘I will revert back soon.’ 

‘Cope up’ vs ‘Cope with’

We always say cope with and not cope up with. Although we end up with this English speaking during informal conversations, it’s always better to know the correct usage. Cope up and with are never used together! For example, ‘Let’s cope with the hectic days’ is correct. Adding up after cope in this sentence would make it incorrect!

So, we hope you will be able to cope with the changes you make to your English speaking or it does not bother you? Tell us about your learning experience and we shall revert! Adios!

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Wisdom Vine

The Women who helped write our Constitution.

India will be celebrating its 72nd Republic Day. It was in January 1950 when our Constitution came into effect. The Father of the Constitution, Dr B.R. Ambedkar couldn’t have shaped this without important contributions by women who came together from different backgrounds. Their voices and opinions were critical in shaping the final draft of the Constitution.

Many of these women included Dakshayani Velayudhan, the only Dalit woman member. There was also Begum Aizaz Rasul, the only Muslim woman member of the Constituent Assembly. All these women came from conservative families. They contributed significantly to the final draft of the Constitution. These women spoke against issues like gender discrimination and laying emphasis on concepts of liberty. They knew the plight of women and worked together to voice their concerns regarding the discrimination that Indian women faced. Women like Ammu Swaminathan were of the view that India should be a country with no gender inequality. There were only 15 women out of the total 389 members of the Constituent Assembly. But the strong views of these women and their emphasis on important issues prevailing in the society made it possible for major inclusions in our Constitution.

Upliftment of Women

Hansa Mehta worked towards the upliftment of women across society. She was the one who ensured that the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ was made inclusive. That is how the phrase “All men are born free and equal” was changed to “All human beings are born free and equal” in our Constitution. There were others like Sarojini Naidu, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Vijay Laxmi Pandit and many more who spoke against gender and caste discrimination. Their powerful voices had an impact on many and their thoughts eventually led to our Constitution becoming inclusive.

The important contributions that these women made to our Constitution prove that women have the power to change the world. The Constitution of India guarantees every individual the right to freedom and dignity. Despite this, there are still many places where gender inequality persists in India. It is the need of the hour to empower each and every woman. It’s equally important to bridge the gender gap that prevails in many parts of society.

Malala Yousafzai once said, “No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men.” So, this Republic Day, let us all remember these remarkable women. They didn’t think they were representing only themselves; they spoke on behalf of many other women. Without their strong opinions,  the goal to frame a Constitution that was equal to all would not have been possible. Let us salute the women of India who make way through all adversities in life.

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Republic Day: 15 Unknown Facts about the Indian Constitution

After over 7 decades, one would have thought we’d know all there is to know about our country and our constitution. But here are 15 amazing facts about the Indian Constitution that you probably didn’t know!.

1. The Constitution Was Originally Written in Hindi and English

The original copies of our constitution were drafted in two languages – Hindi and English. Both these copies were signed by each member of the constituent assembly

2. The English Version Has 117,369 Words

With 117,369 words, the Constitution of India contains 444 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 115 amendments. It would take you 15 hours to go through the entire constitution. Pheww!

3. Our Constitution took inspiration from various other Constitutions

The Indian Constitution is called a ‘bag of borrowings’ because it has borrowed provisions from the constitutions of many other countries like the US, USSR, UK, France and many more!

4. It Is the Longest Constitution in the World

117,369 words make it the longest constitution in the world. Another fun fact: The constitution of Monaco is the shortest with 3,814 words.

5. Father of the Indian Constitution, Dr Ambedkar, Was Ready to Burn It

Dr. Ambedkar strongly argued in favour of amending the constitution while debating about how a Governor should be invested with more powers. “I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it,” were his words!

6. It Was Handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada

The Indian constitution was published in Dehradun by Prem Behari Narain Raizada, an Indian calligrapher who hand-wrote the entire constitution. It was written in a flowing italic style.

7. Each Page Was Decorated by Artists from Shantiniketan

The original hand-written constitution was decorated by artists from  Shantiniketan – a neighbourhood that was expanded by Rabindranath Tagore.

8. Basic Structure of the Constitution stands on the Government of India Act, 1935

The Government of India Act, 1935 was originally passed in August in the same year. It forms the basis of our Constitution.

9. 9 December 1946: The Constituent Assembly Met for the First Time

The Constituent Assembly was the first Parliament of India with Dr Sachchidananda Sinha being the  first president of the assembly on December 9, 1946.

10. It took almost 3 years to write it down!

To be precise, it took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft of the Indian Constitution. No wonder it is the longest Constitution in the world! 

11. 2,000 Amendments Were Made to the First Draft

Before being finalised, as many as 2000 amendments were made to the Constitution.

12. The Original Copies Are Stored in Special Cases

The original copies of the Indian Constitution, which were written in Hindi and English, are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.

13. 26 January 1950: The Constitution Was Legally Enforced

That’s the date when our Constitution was legally enforced. Another fact: The date 26 January was chosen to declare Purna Swaraj or complete independence back in 1930.

14. 26 January 1950: The National Emblem of India Was Adopted

Our National emblem – The ‘Lion Capital Of Ashoka’ was adopted on 26 January 1950. It has 4 Asiatic Lions standing back to back that symbolize power, courage, pride and confidence.

15. Amended Only 104 Times since 1950

As of January 2020, the Indian Constitution has been amended 104 times since it was first enacted in 1950.