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5 Simple Changes for a Sustainable Future

Today, over half a billion children live in extremely high flood & drought occurrence zones. Research has shown that climate change will increase the frequency of droughts, floods and severe weather events. Severe weather events can disrupt infrastructure critical to children’s well-being, including schools, health facilities and transport. Droughts and flooding destroy crops, disrupt water systems and contaminate water reserves.

Despite having gained substantial importance over the recent years, the concept of sustainability isn’t as widely implemented as it is discussed. Sustainable living is nothing but reducing one’s use of Earth’s natural resources to maintain ecological balance. It advocates not creating excessive waste and prioritizing the use of natural resources.  Sustainable living is crucial to our future generations so that they can live comfortably without being subjected to ecological and economic problems. If we do not limit our consumption patterns, our children might face increased pollution levels and remain bereft of a healthy standard of living. 

Change starts at home, no matter how small it is. Our children are the future and to make the world a healthier, happier place to live in, we must educate our children on the significance of sustainable living. Here are five easy ways in which you and your children can start your journey to a sustainable future:

Reusable over Disposable

Instead of buying plastic water bottles or using paper cups every time you travel or go out for a movie, ask your children to carry their own metallic water bottles or sippers. This greatly reduces their consumption of plastic and paper. What’s more, you won’t have to constantly keep worrying about water hygiene. Being sustainable in this case also turns out to be far more economical.

Every drop counts

Encourage your children to switch off the tap while brushing their teeth or washing their hands. Have them switch to using a bucket for having a bath, or, if using a shower, time yourself, so you’re not spending too much time under it. Reuse the water from your RO filters for mopping the floor or watering your plants or washing your clothes. Water scarcity is going to be a very real problem that our children might face in the not-too-distant future.

Waste not, want not.

Serve small portions of food on plates. This helps children gauge if they’re truly hungry before serving themselves a second portion, and we can avoid food wastage. This is also a wonderful way to introduce our children to where we source our food from, and the many advantages of going local. A sustainable future is one were we try and reduce our carbon footprint!

Conserving Energy

Right from an early age, instil the habit of switching off the lights and fans when not in use. Open the blinds in your own room to let natural light in the morning instead of switching on electric lights. Your children will follow suit. Look up sustainable and renewable sources of energy to switch to, where you can. 

Grow a green thumb

Children love watching things grow and the sense of accomplishment they feel when they’re the reason behind it is unbeatable! If you have the space to maintain a small vegetable garden, why don’t you give it a go? It also works as a fun activity to bond with your children while caring for the environment

Less is more

This one can be slightly tricky as who doesn’t want everything? But, encouraging your children to use resources that they have judiciously is the way to be. Have them use their art supplies, stationery and clothes responsibly. We can set examples ourselves by buying the things that we truly need, rather than those we truly want. Even small changes, like waiting until an occasion, or until your old phone breaks down to buy that new gadget you’ve been eyeing, will make a positive difference. Teaching your children about delayed gratification has proven to have many benefits as well. 

With minor lifestyle changes, we can create a major difference in the health of our planet and the quality of lives of our future generations. Are there any changes that you’ve made to your lifestyle that we can all incorporate? Tell us in the comments below!

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Let’s Make Holi the Festival of Consent This Year!

The weather in the country is slowly but surely turning hotter. The last of the winter chill has disappeared. It can only mean one thing – Holi is around the corner! The festival of colour, of joy, signalling the start of the spring-summer season in our country.

My children love this festival – it allows them to run around gleefully in the society compound throwing colour and be as messy as possible. Sounds like fun, right? But there’s a worrying side to Holi that I’m becoming increasingly aware of, especially as the children grow older. The matter of consent. 

Why does this bother me?

Perhaps it’s because I am a mother to both, a son and a daughter, that I feel it very keenly when every year I read painful newspaper stories about children, women, and men having their consent violated when people around them forcibly apply colour or throw water on them. I’m sure you recall having read them too. I worry about my daughter (and even my son) being touched without her permission. To those who call it ‘harmless fun’ and ‘bura na maano holi hai, I ask you this: Don’t we teach our children about boundaries the rest of the year? Do we not insist that their body is their own and should be respected? So, what message are we sending to the children when we deliberately violate someone’s consent so we can have fun? 

There’s another group of innocent, voiceless victims who suffer the most during our festivities: It’s the poor street animals. It’s not uncommon at all to spot a helpless, scared-looking blue-and-pink dog streaking past you the day after Holi. These colours, laden with chemicals, were not meant to be used on animal fur or even human skin. But unlike us, these animals can’t hop into a shower and scrub themselves clean. So it’s our job to protect them and keep them safe! 

My kind of Holi

So what does it mean for us to celebrate a Holi that’s both fun and respectful? Here are a few things I’m going to ask my children to follow. I hope they help you set fun, respectful boundaries for your own family too! 

Always ask!

It takes literally just a couple of seconds to ask for permission, but just think of how respected and valued it will make the person feel! It doesn’t matter who it is — children, friends, elders, or family members. Always ask for consent before pulling someone into your celebrations. Learning about consent and agency starts in small ways right from childhood, after all! 

Learn to accept ‘no’ gracefully

It’s our turn to ‘bura na maano’ when someone doesn’t feel comfortable with having colour, water, or anything else applied to them. If they say colour is okay, but water isn’t, do as they ask. If they want to play with only organic colours, respect their wishes, the way you would want someone to respect yours. Let’s learn to live and let live.

Ask if they’re okay with you applying colour

Just because someone is okay with your friend or relative (or a total stranger) applying colour to them, does not mean they’re giving blanket consent to everyone to come into physical contact. So permission needs to be asked, even if they’ve said yes to someone else already. Think of it like this- just because you’ve said okay to go out for coffee with a friend, does not mean you’re okay to go out for coffee with your friend’s friend, or their cousin. 

Watch out for the animals!

Make sure you’re playing in a place that is away from animals: and if they do wander in, immediately move away so they do not get drenched in colour. It can be very harmful for them, and it’s our job to protect them! 

Make your festivities inclusive

Holi is meant to be a festival that includes everyone of all abilities and from all backgrounds. Let’s get our community involved in making sure we create a safe space for all. 

Let’s be eco-friendly

Only about 3% of the earth’s water is freshwater. Out of which 2% is locked up in ice and glaciers. Having a water-free Holi only seems logical in the face of these statistics. 

You may also like: Tips to Raise an Environment-Loving Child

Holi may have many mythological stories attached to it – but the predominant feeling through it all is one of joy and celebration. I’m going to make sure my celebrations don’t dampen anyone else’s joy. Have a happy, safe, and consent-ful Holi! 

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Wisdom Vine

Teenage Nutrition – How Can Parents Help?

Teenage years are super active ones – teens seem to have a never-ending supply of energy! It is also the phase that sees a rapid spurt in growth, both mentally and physically. That’s why it becomes essential that they get the right nutrition to nourish a healthy mind and body. 

Maintain a balanced diet

The best way your teenage child can keep a check on their weight is by having a balanced diet. This will ensure that children get the required nutrients their body needs. Encourage them to include fresh fruits and vegetables, salads, protein foods and dairy products. Doing so will not only keep them active but also keep illnesses at bay. Also, make sure your teen exercises regularly! Because all work and no play…..well you know the rest!

Keep hydrated!

Quite often, children might be eating right but then, their water intake is too low. This is as important as teenage nutrition. Remember, water is the ultimate hydrator. Besides, water aids in digestion and is vital for the body in countless ways. Unfortunately, most children in their teens do not consume enough water throughout the day. Make sure your teenage child has at least 10 -12 glasses of water daily. Eat well, play hard and drink plenty of water!

Avoid snacking

Snacking between meals leads to erratic dietary habits and is possibly the time when your teenager is most tempted to reach for junk food. Encourage children to have at the most 3 meals a day at the right time. Watch out for signs of emotional eating or eating because they’re bored. If your teenager does fancy a nibble (and with their growing body, this is quite a possibility) try offering a fruit or some nuts to munch on.

Limit consumption of processed food

Eating healthy, non-processed foods will help limit calorie intake and increase the nutrient requirement. Have fresh fruits and vegetables whenever possible. Try to choose healthier options where available. Remember, the added sugar and preservatives in processed foods aren’t too healthy for a body that is at a growing stage. Teenage nutrition is different from that of a child or an adult. They need extra nutrition to support hormonal changes and brain development. So, make sure they eat healthy and stay healthy!

Portion control

Many of us don’t realize that we end up eating too much simply because we’ve become so used to filling our plates! A good way to maintain portion control is to take smaller servings, and then going back for seconds if you’re still hungry. This also eliminates the guilt of finishing what’s on the plate, for fear of ‘wasting’ the food. 

As parents, we want what’s best for our children, but occasionally you might give in to their pestering and let them indulge in a pizza or burgers with a side of fries. Thankfully, the teenage metabolism can handle this occasional calorie overload, as long as they are healthy, active children for the most part. Don’t stress yourself and your teenager out over it. As long as your teenager gets that the right nutrition is what makes a healthy body, a sneaky chocolate now and then ought to be ignored!

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Wisdom Vine

Helping your Child deal with Bullying

In schools, playgrounds and many other places, children often become victims of name-calling, cruel taunts, and physical bullying. And when such a thing happens to our children, it’s hard for us to focus on anything else. We often want to help our children, but don’t quite know how to. The following suggestions can pave the way towards helping your child deal with the bullying they may be facing in school or the playground, or even online. 

Listen to them

Before you try to make children understand your point of view, hear them out first. Try to understand what’s bothering them. Allow children to open up to you about anything that might have happened to them in school or anywhere else, and hard as it is, try not to react to whatever they tell you. You might want to jump in with a solution, but find out if they already have a plan to help them cope. Children often might just be looking to be heard. Any ideas and suggestions can be thought up jointly. You need to empower your children with the confidence that they can come up with solutions and ideas as well. 

Teach them how to react

Children who react quickly are often the target of bullies because they are the ones who take bullying to heart and end up reacting in a way they shouldn’t. There are times bullies might provoke their targets, but simply teaching children to walk away from such situations is often the best way to deal with it. Children should also be taught to be open with their teachers in case they are being bullied too often.

Praise your child

Remember, it isn’t easy for your child to tell you about the bullying they might have faced. Praising children for simply opening up to you and sharing their problems will give them a confidence boost. Encourage them for having the ability to identify the problem and coming to someone for help. Children who are bullied sometimes go through a phase of low self-esteem – this praise will go a long way in helping restore their confidence.

Reassure your child it’s not their fault. 

Many children internalise the bullying. They seem to think that it is something they did or something about the way they are that leads to bullying. We need to emphasize that they do not need to change any part of themselves for the bullying to stop. Remind children that being bullied isn’t about being weak and being a bully isn’t about being strong. As parents, it’s important to always be by their side. Believing them, listening to their side of the story – that is what children look for most from parents. 

School intervention

Although every school will have an anti-bullying policy in place (if they don’t it is time to remind the school to have one), it’s a good idea to request the school to conduct regular anti-bullying workshops for all the children. If the problem persists, see if the school counsellor can talk to the bully and your child separately and together, to come up with a strategy to prevent any further instances. 

Cyberbullying

Children can be bullied online as well – and this is becoming an increasingly prevalent phenomenon. Make sure you take your child through what is safe and unsafe internet practices. Also, ensure that they know the right authorities to report a post or how to block a person or group. 

Bullying may happen at any stage in life, and we may not be able to protect our child from bullies all the time. But what we can do is equip our children with the right tools and to instil enough confidence in them to be able to stand up to and deal with the bullying. 

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Wisdom Vine

Women Astronauts who contributed to Space Missions that we need to know about

With contributions that have literally been out of this world, these women astronauts have achieved some amazing feats in space with their incredible efforts. Let’s take you through the journey of these amazing women in space and their breathtaking stories.

Valentina Tereshkova

Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space. And Valentina was the first and the youngest woman in space. Valentina is a Russian who worked in a factory as a child. Skydiving was always her passion and that is what encouraged her to become a cosmonaut. Valentina orbited the Earth 48 times, was in space for almost 3 days, and remains the only woman to have been on a solo space mission on 16 June 1963.

Kalpana Chawla

She was the first Indian woman in space not once, but twice. Aeroplanes and flights always fascinated her. Kalpana would even accompany her father to local flying clubs, where her fascination with planes only grew. She joined NASA in 1995 with her first flight happening in the year 1996. Kalpana travelled a whopping 10.4 million miles in 252 orbits of the earth, logging more than 372 hours in space! A truly remarkable feat. 

Svetlana Savitskaya

Svetlana was the second woman in space after Valentina Tereshkova. On her 1984 ‘Soyuz T-12’ mission, she became the first woman to fly to space twice, and the first woman to perform a spacewalk. A Russian like Valentina, Svetlana too began skydiving as a young girl. Her passion for flying jets was supported by her father, and that is when she was seen taking part in aerobatic competitions. She went on to win the ‘World Aerobatic Championship’ that was integral in her journey to become a cosmonaut. Well, talk about women astronauts!

Mae Jemison

Mae was the first African-American in space. She excelled in academics from an early age – earning degrees from universities like Stanford and Cornell. She began working with NASA in the year 1987. In 1992, she flew on the space shuttle ‘Endeavour’ carrying out a staggering 44 science experiments along with her crew! That was her first and only flight. And not just this, she now works as a physician, a teacher, a peace corps volunteer, and founder and president of two technology companies! Truly a wonder woman!

Christina Koch

Christina holds the record for the longest stay in space by a woman. She spent 328 days at the International Space Station. During her stay at ISS, she led the first ‘all-female spacewalk. (this was initially delayed due to the unavailability of space suits that suited the body women!) Koch also contributed to scientific instruments on several NASA missions that studied astrophysics and cosmology. For her amazing feat, her name is in Time Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People of 2020.

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Wisdom Vine

Quick Breakfast Recipes you can make with your Child

Kickstarting your day with a hearty breakfast will not only keep you going throughout the day but is a great way to maintain a healthy eating routine. Here are a few easy-to-cook breakfast recipes that your children will love. Getting them involved in the process is one that has multiple benefits – they get an idea of what they’re putting into their bodies – and it is a step towards making them independent and self-sufficient (just imagine- you could sleep in on weekends!)  

Fruit Salad

What better way to start your day than with a bowl of fresh fruits. This is the healthiest and the quickest breakfast meal you can have! All you need to do is chop, mix and eat! It’s a ‘sweet’ and delicious way to get going. With all essential vitamins and minerals, a bowl of fruit salad is a nourishing and delicious breakfast option for you and your children. Maybe next time ask your children to get you a bowl full of fruit salad? – Try it with some thick Greek yoghurt, or drizzle a spoonful of honey on it for variety. The possibilities are endless with seasonal fruit varieties! 

Pancakes

A hot-favourite in many homes, pancakes are an-all time favourite option for children and parents. Using a ready-made pancake mix, it’s a recipe you can cook in minutes. It’s a delicious meal to start your day with. Pancakes are also high in protein and fibre, making them a healthy option. Top it up with fresh fruits or maple syrup for an even more scrumptious meal! Making the batter at home isn’t too difficult, either – and you can substitute refined flour for whole wheat when you make it at home. 

Oats

Readily available in the market, oats are rich in antioxidants and nutrients. And just like instant noodles, you simply add boiling water (or milk) to the pre-mix and you are ready to go. For those with a sweet tooth, a pinch of cinnamon with a topping of raisins and nuts makes it delicious. Preparing breakfast has never felt so easy, isn’t it? 

Vegetable Sandwich Toast

Try making this instead of the usual butter toast next time? Add tomato slices, cucumber and onions and then toast it. It will turn out to be a delicious and healthy breakfast meal for everyone. A vegetable sandwich toast is packed with healthy nutrients that are good for you and your children. The best part – it’s made with fresh vegetables that are a great source of vitamins and minerals. Do try this recipe next time!

Scrambled Eggs

An eggcellent way to start your day. Scrambled eggs are easy to prepare and are a great source of protein. All you do is beat and whisk the eggs and then add the mixture to a pan. Add butter, salt and black pepper, keep stirring and there you have it! Delicious scrambled eggs in no time. An easy-to-cook recipe that even children will love to cook and have. 

Do you have any quick family favourites that you love to make with your children? Do let us know in the comments below with your breakfast recipes!

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Wisdom Vine

Math-magic – 5 Math Tricks to Amaze your Friends with

Not many people know, but math can be pretty ‘magical’ at times. There are simple and easy to perform math-magic tricks that you can do to impress your family and friends. It might seem like you are reading their minds but in reality, it’s just simple maths

Adding Two-Digit Numbers really quick!

So for this trick, we simply take two numbers – let’s say 54 and 76.

1. We simply split the second number into ‘tens’ and ‘ones’ which makes the number 76 = 70 + 6. 

2. Now add this ‘split tens’ to the first number which makes it 70 + 54 = 124.

3. And finally, add the leftover ‘ones’ i.e. 6 to the answer you got in point 3 which makes it 6+124 = 130!

That’s it, this is your answer! 

The answer will always be 8!

Ask your friend to choose any number, let’s take 25.

1. Now, ask them to subtract one from the chosen number. 25 – 1 = 24

2. Multiply this number by 3. (24 x 3 = 72)

3. Add 12 to this number. (72 + 12 = 84 )

4. Now divide this by 3. (84 / 3 = 28)

5. Now, add 5 to the above number. (28 + 5 – 33)

6.And now it’s time for some magic! Simply ask your friend to subtract the original number from the number they get in point 5.

7. Abracadabra! The answer will always be 8

This is actually a series of logical and sequential steps that give the answer as 8 always.

Dicey Magic!

1. Ask your friend to roll two dice without telling you the numbers e.g. 5 and a 2.

2. Now tell them to multiply the number on the first die by 2 (5 x 2 = 10)

3. Add 5 (10 + 5 = 15)

4. Next, multiply the answer  by 5 (15 x 5 = 75)

5. Now, add the number on the second die (75 + 2 = 77) – and now ask your friends to tell you the answer. 

6. Hocuspocus! You can now predict the numbers on the two dice by subtracting 25 (77 – 25 = 52)

7. 5 = First die and 2 = Second die. Magical isn’t it?

Magic number 1089

1. Choose any 3 digit number, let’s say 581

2. Now, all you do is rearrange these digits in descending order which makes it 851

3. Now, arrange the digits in step 1 in ascending order. This makes it 158. 

4. Subtract the number in step 2 from the number in step 1. 851 – 158 = 693

5. Now, reverse the order of the number you got in step 4. So 693 becomes 396

6. And It’s time for some magic! Add both numbers in step 4 & 5. You get 1089!

Well, this is again nothing but a series of logical steps that are followed that leads to 1089! Surely one of the cool math tricks out there!

Guess your friends’ age using a calculator!

1.Ask your friend to multiply the first digit of their age by 5. So if they are 23 years old, then (2×5 = 10)

2.Tell them to add 3 to this number. So 10 +3 = 13

3.Ask them to double this numberSo (13×2 = 26)

4.Next,  add the second digit of their age to the resulting number. So  26+3 = 29.

5.It’s magic time! Tell them to subtract 6 from this number. So 29-6 = 23 which is their age!

A really cool way to impress your friends, no? Who knew math tricks could be so magical!

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Wisdom Vine

5 Vegetarian Options for a Protein-Rich Diet

A healthy, balanced meal is essential for a healthy body and mind. It’s equally important to get the necessary nutrients our body demands. Including healthy proteins in our diet can help us with numerous important functions, as well as helping in maintaining muscle mass, Let’s have a look at some foods that we can include in our meals for a protein-rich diet!

Lentils

Lentils, or more popularly known as Dal in Indian homes are a great source of protein. They can be used in a number of dishes or can be consumed as a sprout-salad for a protein-rich meal. And because lentils are plant-based foods, consuming them would also lead to a reduced risk of many lifestyle-related health conditions. Plant-based foods are the healthiest options you can get that are also rich in protein.

Tofu

Often used as a substitute for cottage cheese by many vegetarians, tofu is a great source of protein. In addition, it is also packed with calcium and other essential nutrients needed by our body. Unlike many dairy products that are high in saturated fat, tofu is a great source of low, unsaturated fat. Though pretty flavourless, tofu is a great option that can be included in meals for a protein-rich diet.

Chickpeas

Chickpeas can be boiled and consumed or can be cooked and had! Just like lentils, they are rich in protein and fiber with essential vitamins and minerals too. The nutrients in chickpeas are also known to fight health conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure. A cup of chickpeas has as much as 15g of protein. Canned or dried chickpeas are readily available in the market which can be used to prepare a delicious healthy meal at home- from the yummy hummus to the all-time favourite channa masala!. 

Quinoa

Yet another protein-rich food, quinoa is a great breakfast option that can be had with fruits or vegetables. Quinoa is highly nutritious and is often a part of the diet of health-conscious people across the world. A cup of quinoa has about 8g of protein. For many people who aren’t aware, quinoa is nothing but an edible seed that has become popular because of its nutritional value. 

Soya Bean

Soya beans are known to be packed with nutrients – with the right blend of protein and fiber. They are also a good source of carbs and healthy fat. These legumes also help in reducing the risk of heart diseases as they are also a good source of fatty acids. Soya beans can be consumed after soaking and boiling them. For all the health freaks out there, soya milk is also a great option!

The right amount of protein is needed by our body to ensure that our metabolic activities work well and enhance our overall well-being. Contrary to the popular myth, it is not just people who want to build their body or increase their muscle mass that need proteins. They are essential for our body to repair itself and keep us fit. So get going and ensure you eat right with the right blend of protein and other nutrients. Bon Appetit!

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Wisdom Vine

Discoveries that happened by Accident!

Science is all about curiosity, testing and experiments. But there have been so many instances when some of these experiments have led to discoveries no one could have imagined. So, let’s check out some amazing discoveries that have changed our lives – and yes,  these are discoveries that happened by accident!

Microwave

The microwave was discovered by Percy Spencer when he walked in front of a ‘magnetron’, a vacuum tube that is used to generate microwaves, and noticed that the bar of chocolate in his pocket melted. He then experimented further to study what and how this happened. In 1945, he finally discovered the microwave. Could you imagine life without a microwave?

Coca – Cola

It’s the most popular universal beverage in the world. Well, it was discovered by John Pemberton, who was actually a pharmacist. He used coca leaves and cola nuts in his quest to find a cure for headaches. Accidentally, his lab assistant ended up mixing the two ingredients with carbonated water – resulting in the first Coca-Cola. We really would like to thank the lab assistant for this beautiful accident!

Velcro

George de Mestral discovered velcro while hunting in the Alps with his dog. He noticed burrs sticking to his dog’s fur that he decided to study them under a microscope. He observed the tiny hooks that allowed it to latch on to surfaces like fabric and fur. With further research, he became the man behind the invention of what is known as ‘Velcro’ today.

Teflon

Remember the name Roy Plunkett because he is the reason you’re able to flip a  pancake with ease. While in a refrigeration chamber, he noticed that a canister that contained gas had vanished leaving behind a few white flakes. He did his research on the mysterious substance and realised it had a very high melting point and was very effective as a lubricant. This eventually led to the discovery of Teflon. 

The colour ‘Mauve’

In 1856, William Perkin was trying to help cure malaria while in college. He had been experimenting with adding hydrogen and oxygen to coal tar which when turned to a liquid, became a stunning purple colour. This led to colour mauve being discovered. Thank you William Perkin for making the world more colourful!

Corn Flakes

This all-time favourite cereal was discovered when Will Keith Kellogg was helping his brother. While he was making bread, he accidentally left out the main ingredient – boiled wheat for long hours. He then decided to add and knead it into the bread to correct his mistake. The wheat became flaky and led to the creation of this all-time favourite breakfast cereal.

Penicillin

Alexander Fleming had returned from a holiday when he began sorting petri dishes. He realized that mould had formed on one of the petri dishes that contained ‘staphylococcus.’ Upon further researching about this strange phenomenon, Fleming ended up discovering penicillin – which is used today to fight countless infections.

Super-Glue

The super-glue has been a discovery during the World War 2 when Harry Coover was attempting to make clear plastic gun sights to be placed on guns. Coover realized that this turned out to be a great bonding adhesive. However, because of the war, he abandoned the idea but worked on it later and became the man behind this discovery.

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Wisdom Vine

Public Speaking – How to Speak Confidently in Public

Public speaking is an art – it comes naturally to some, and some tend to have a nervous breakdown while speaking. Fear of public speaking isn’t uncommon – and can be overcome if you have the right approach. You might like to try some of these tips the next time you’re called upon to speak in public. 

Know your audience

Who are you addressing and what is your audience like? Are you addressing a group of children? Or colleagues? Knowing who your audience is beforehand is a great way to prepare yourself. Check if your speech is setting the right tone. Is it too formal for the audience? Or too casual? People will connect with you if they feel a sense of belonging. Your communication style is what will make you look confident while addressing a crowd. 

Maintain eye contact

It’s simple – when you look someone in the eye and speak, you come across as a confident personality. People are more likely to listen to what you say if you maintain eye contact while speaking. This is a great way to look confident (even if you may not feel confident!) and keeps your audience engaged with your talks. The participation and engagement of your audience will go up when they see you scanning the crowd. Look at different sections in the crowd- don’t just focus on one zone – and make sure you’re getting the response you want from them. 

Use positive body language

Maintain good posture, make use of hand gestures to emphasize certain words (don’t overdo it) and smile when you speak. Remember, all eyes are on you! Having a positive body language will keep your audience ‘with you’ throughout your presentation or speech. Make good use of the space you are in – walk around, your speech will be more dynamic that way!

Be loud and clear!

You need to be audible to each and every person in the audience. A voice that is loud and clear comes across as a confident one. Many speakers aren’t loud enough simply because they are nervous. Remember, your voice is the most important factor in delivering your speech. Remember to pause at intervals, to let the audience react to what you say. Don’t run through your speech from start to finish without a break. People will not focus as much on What you speak but on how you speak it. That’s a point to be remembered!

Cope with nervousness

It’s okay to be nervous. Just breathe and try to calm yourself. Anxiety before addressing an audience is completely normal. You just have to look for ways and means to not let your nervousness reflect in your speech or your body language. The best way to cope with nervousness is to stop thinking about yourself and focus on your audience. 

Practice!

Well, it goes without saying that practicing to speak in front of a mirror or maybe recording yourself when you speak can help you determine the areas you need to improve upon. So just practice and prepare well! Remember, the best way to overcome anxiety is to practice & prepare as many times as you can!